aside banner 교육과학사 추천도서 안내 새로운 신간 소식 교육과학사 자료실 견본 미리보기 제공 강의용 견본신청


지성공간

중국어 음성학 증정본
판매가
수량
저자
林焘, 王理嘉 저, 王韫佳, 王理嘉 증정 심소희 편역
발행일
2016-12-25
ISBN
978-89-254-1114-9(93720)
페이지
472
판형
크라운변형
《중국어 음성학》은 수년간 증보 수정을 해왔으며, 변동된 내용은 증정본 서문에서 상세히 설명하였다. 여기에서는 간명하고 핵심적인 부분만 소개하고자 한다.
(1) 가장 최신판본의 국제음성기호(2005년 수정판)와 현재 국제 음성학에서 통행되는 방법에 근거하여, 원서 중 음성(주로 자음)의 발음생리, 음향적 특성 및 분류와 서술에 있어 몇 가지 사항이 수정되었다. 그러나 중국 국내 전통적인 관습법을 고려하였고, 역사문헌자료를 선독하는데 편리하도록 어떤 부분은 기존의 국제음성기호를 그대로 두고 괄호로 주하거나 설명을 첨부하였다.
(2) 디지털신호의 소프트웨어에 기초하여 내용을 분석하여, 원래의 아날로그 신호기술에 기초한 음향분석의 내용을 대체하였다.
(3) 현재 21세기에 진입하면서 음성연구의 주요 흐름에 해당하는 운율연구는 원서의 제7장 “경중음과 어조”를 다시 집필함으로써 많은 새로운 내용을 증보하였고, “운율”을 그 장의 제목으로 정했다.
(4) 원서에서는 간단하게만 설명하였던 마지막 장 “음소와 구별특징”의 세 가지 구성성분은, 내용을 확장시켜 각자 독립된 장을 이루도록 다시 집필하였다. 초기 고전 음소학 중 지금까지도 실용적인 의미를 지니고 있는 음소귀납분석원칙의 내용과 논의를 증가시켰고, <한어병음방안>과 표준중국어의 음소귀납의 관계를 분명하게 하였다.

한국어판 《중국어 음성학》 증정본 서문 ·····································3
증정본 서문 ·································································12
원서 서문 ···································································19
서 론 ········································································32


제1장 음 성·······································································43
1. 음파 ···········································································43
1.1. 음성의 전파 ···························································43
1.2. 진폭과 주파수 ·························································46
1.3. 복합파와 스펙트럼 ····················································48
1.4. 소리의 공명작용 ······················································51
2. 발성기관의 구조 ·····························································53
2.1. 음성의 생성 ···························································53
2.2. 발성의 에너지원 ······················································56
2.3. 후두와 성대 ···························································57
2.4. 음성의 공명강 ·························································63
3. 음성의 인식 ··································································67
3.1. 귀의 구조 ·····························································67
3.2. 청각과 음성의 식별 ···················································71
4. 음성의 분류 ··································································73


제2장 모 음·······································································79
1. 모음의 성질 ··································································79
1.1. 모음과 자음 ···························································79
1.2. 성도의 공명과 모음의 음색 ···········································81
2. 모음의 분류 ··································································83
2.1. 모음을 분류하는 기준 ·················································83
2.2. 모음의 위치와 모음사각도 ············································85
2.3. 설첨모음ㆍ권설모음 그리고 비화모음 ································90
2.4. 모음의 길이와 긴장 ···················································93
3. 표준중국어의 단모음 ························································96
4. 모음의 음향적 특성 ························································100
4.1. 성도와 포먼트 ·······················································100
4.2. 모음의 스펙트로그램 ·················································103
4.3. 모음의 발음구조와 포먼트와의 관계 ································108


제3장 자 음·····································································115
1. 자음의 발음부위 ····························································115
1.1. 순음 ··································································115
1.2. 설첨음 ································································116
1.3. 설엽음 ································································117
1.4. 설면음 ································································118
1.5. 목젖음 ································································119
1.6. 후두음 ································································120
2. 자음의 발음방법 ····························································121
3. 자음의 기타 특징 ···························································128
3.1. 무성음과 유성음, 그리고 유기음 ····································128
3.2. 자주 보이는 이차조음 ···············································134
3.3. 폐 부위 이외의 기류음 ··············································136
4. 표준중국어의 자음 ·························································143
4.1. 표준중국어 자음의 발음부위 ········································143
4.2. 표준중국어 자음의 발음방법 ········································145
5. 자음의 음향적 특성 ························································148
5.1. 발음방법과 발음부위의 음향적 표현 ································148
5.2. 전이와 유성음의 시작시간 ···········································154


제4장 음절과 음절의 구조·················································163
1. 음절의 분류 ·································································163
2. 음절의 구조 ·································································168
2.1. 음절구조의 유형과 “연접제약” ······································168
2.2. 음절에서 모음의 결합―복모음 ······································173
2.3. 음절에서 자음의 결합 ···············································176
3. 중국어의 음절구조 ·························································179
3.1. 중국어 음절구조의 특징 ·············································179
3.2. 성모ㆍ운모, 그리고 사호(四呼) ······································182
4. 표준중국어의 음절구조 ····················································186
4.1. 표준중국어의 성모 ···················································186
4.2. 표준중국어의 운모 ···················································192
4.3. 표준중국어의 성모ㆍ운모 간의 결합관계 ····························206


제5장 성 조·····································································213
1. 성조의 성질 ·································································213
1.1. 성조 언어와 비성조 언어 ············································213
1.2. 성조값과 조류(調類) ·················································216
2. 중국어의 성조 ······························································220
2.1. 평상거입(平上去入)과 음양(陰陽) ····································220
2.2. 표준중국어의 성조 ···················································223
2.3. 중국어 방언의 성조 ··················································227
2.4. 입성의 문제 ··························································232
3. 성조의 감지와 측정 ························································236
3.1. 성조의 감지 ··························································236
3.2. 성조의 측정 ··························································240
3.3. 기본주파수에서 오도제로의 전환 ····································242


제6장 음성변화·································································247
1. 음성변화의 성질 ····························································247
1.1 자유 음성변화와 부자유 음성변화 ···································247
1.2. 자주 보이는 몇 가지 음성변화 현상 ································251
2. 성조변화 ·····································································258
2.1. 성조변화의 성질 ·····················································258
2.2. 성조변화의 유형 ·····················································261
2.3. 표준중국어의 성조변화 ··············································264
3. 중국어의 얼화음변( 化音變) ·············································269
3.1. 중국어 얼화( 化)의 특징 ···········································269
3.2. 표준중국어의 얼화운( 化韻) ········································274


제7장 운 율·····································································281
1. 어휘의 경중음 ······························································281
1.1. 어휘의 중음 ··························································282
1.2. 중국어의 경음과 경성 ···············································285
2. 문장중음 ·····································································291
2.1. 문장중음의 유형과 분포 ·············································291
2.2. 문장중음의 음성특징 ·················································293
3. 리듬 ··········································································297
3.1. 음보 ··································································298
3.2. 휴지 ··································································300
3.3. 운율구조와 구법구조 ·················································301
4. 어조 ··········································································304
4.1. 자조(字調)와 어조(語調) ·············································305
4.2. 어조의 구조 ··························································308
4.3. 표준중국어의 진술 어조와 의문 어조 ·······························311


제8장 음성학과 음운론······················································317
1. 음소와 음소 분석 ···························································317
2. 음소 귀납의 기본 원칙 ····················································321
3. 음소와 변이음 ······························································331
4. 음소의 결합과 계열 ························································336
5. 음소 귀납의 여러 가지 가능성 ············································345
6. 음운론과 변별적 자질 이론 ···············································359
6.1. 음소에서 변별적 자질까지 ···········································359
6.2. 변별적 자질 이론의 핵심 - 이분법 ·································361
6.3. 변별적 자질과 현대 음운론 ·········································365


제9장 표준중국어 음소 체계의 분석과 토론························373
1. 표준중국어 운모의 정밀표기법 ············································373
2. 표준중국어의 고모음 음소 ·················································376
2.1. [ɿ], [ʅ], [i]의 음소 분합 문제 ······································376
2.2. 고모음 음소 귀납의 기타 문제 ······································381
3. 표준중국어의 중모음 음소 ·················································385
3.1. [e], [ɛ]([ᴇ]), [ə], [ʌ], [ɤ], [o]의 음소 귀납 토의 ··················385
3.2. 권설 모음 [ɚ]([er])의 음소 분석 ····································389
4. 표준중국어의 저모음 음소 ·················································393
5. 표준중국어의 자음 음소와 성조 음소 ····································399
5.1. 표준중국어의 자음 음소 ·············································399
5.2. 영성모가 자음 음소인지의 여부 ·····································403
5.3. 자음 음소의 주요 변이음 ············································406
5.4. 표준중국어의 음높이 음소 체계 ·····································414
6. 두 종류의 음소 체계 귀납법 ··············································421


제10장 <한어병음방안>과 표준중국어 음소의 관계················429
1. 자모와 음성 ·································································429
2. 중국어 병음 자모와 표준중국어 음소의 대응 관계 ·····················434
3. 성모표 중 자모와 음성의 배치 관계 ·····································438
4. 운모표 중 모음 자모의 독음 규칙 ········································443
5. <한어병음방안>과 표준중국어 운모의 약식표기, 정밀표기의 대조 ···· 456


참고문헌 ···································································459
찾아보기 ···································································464
편역자의 말 ································································469

심소희

이화여자대학교 중어중문학과 교수
연세대학교 중어중문학과 박사(중국어 음운학 전공)
北京大學 中國語言文學系 박사(중국어 음성학 전공)
《한자정음관의 통시적 연구》, 《음성학과 공학의 만남》, 《중국어 음성학》, 《한자 음운학》, 「한국인의 중국어 문장 끊어 읽기에 대한 고찰」, 「중국의 여성문자 연구」, 「조선시대 외국어 한글표기의 고찰」, 「중국 동북지역의 언어특수성 연구」 등 동아시아의 언어와 문자 연구에 관한 다수의 논문이 있다.

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